Tooth decay and cavities are top on the list of oral health problems in the world. It’s a problem affecting people of all ages. The decay occurs mainly due to bacterial infection resulting in demineralization and destruction of teeth’s hard tissue (enamel). On the other hand, dental cavities are the holes forming in the teeth caused by decay. Some of the signs and symptoms of cavities include a toothache, mild to sharp pain while drinking or eating, increased sensitivity or visible pits in the infected tooth. Black, brown or white stains on the tooth can also be signs of tooth decay. Tooth decay and cavities can be prevented or controlled by taking proper care of your teeth. Twice brushing of the teeth in a day for two minutes is highly recommended. It is also crucial to seek the services for proper diagnosis or treatment.
Natural DIY Remedies for Tooth Decays and Cavities
The most common home remedies for tooth decay and cavities include:
1. Use of Clove
The anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties of clove can help reduce pain and help stop the spreading of the cavity. Dilute 2-3 drops of clove oil with a quarter teaspoon of sesame seed oil. Put some few drops of the solution to a cotton ball and dab on the affected tooth. You should repeat the procedure several nights before bedtime. The alternative is chewing the clove to extract its oil and then keeping the clove under the tongue. Since clove is mostly used for temporary relief purposes, it is advisable not to use it in excess.
Salt can have several functions including reducing inflammation, easing the pain, drawing out of infection and also preventing bacterial growth in the mouth. Its antibacterial properties help in treating cavities. In a glass of lukewarm water, dissolve one teaspoon of salt. Sip a mouthful of the solution and swish it around the mouth for about a minute while primarily focusing on the affected tooth. Follow the procedure three times a day until you notice the symptoms have subsidised. Alternatively, you can make a paste by mixing a half teaspoon of salt with a little amount of mustard oil and then use it to massage your gums. You should then gargle with warm water. The procedure should be followed two times a day for few days to kill the bacteria.
3. Oil Pulling
Oil pulling helps in cleaning the mouth by killing off harmful bacteria responsible for various dental problems such as cavities. Put one tablespoon of sesame oil into your mouth and swish for about 20 minutes. Warm water should then be used to rinse the mouth after spitting the oil. Brush your teeth in the usual manner. The procedure should be repeated every morning before taking anything. Other varieties of oils that can be used include coconut oil or sunflower oil.
Garlic is also rich in antibacterial and antibiotic properties and therefore a perfect solution to tooth decay and cavities. Garlic also promotes healthier gums and teeth and reduces pain. Prepare a paste of 3-4 crushed garlic cloves mixed with a quarter teaspoon of rock salt. Apply some amount of the paste on the affected tooth for about 10 minutes before rinsing with mouthwash. The procedure is repeated twice in a day for two weeks to reduce cavities. Alternative methods include rubbing garlic oil on the affected tooth to relieve the pain or chewing raw garlic quickly.
Liquorice is a remedy for cavities as it contains two antibacterial compounds that prevent the development of cavity-causing bacteria. The powder obtained from liquorice is used in regular brushing of teeth. A soft stick of liquorice can be used as a toothbrush which also gives good results.
Turmeric also contains antibacterial and inflammatory properties that function to keep the gums healthy as well as preventing tooth decay. Take the turmeric powder and apply on the affected tooth allowing it some few minutes before rinsing with warm water. You can also alternatively take a little amount of mustard oil and mix with turmeric powder and use it to massage the gum and teeth. This mixture is allowed about 10 minutes in the mouth before being spat out. Regardless of the remedy you chose, you should repeat the procedure once or twice a day for few days.
7. Indian Lilac/ Neem
Neem can be used to destroy cavity causing bacteria with ease due to its antibacterial properties. Indian lilac as well helps in maintaining healthy teeth and gums. Extracted juice from neem leaves is used to rub the affected area and left for few minutes before rinsing it with warm water. The treatment is followed once or twice daily. Toothpaste containing neem or a soft neem stick can also be used to brush the teeth.
8. Indian Gooseberry/ Amla
Amla’s ability to fight infections is aided by its high antioxidants properties and vitamin C. It also promotes the establishment of connective tissues which benefit the gums. Furthermore, Amla is beneficial in cleaning the mouth and removing bad breath. You can eat one fresh Amla daily or mix a half teaspoon of Amla powder with water and drink. A capsule containing Amla can be taken under doctor’s prescription.
Nutmeg can prevent tooth decay and cavities caused by cariogenic oral bacteria due to its anti-cariogenic properties. Grate some amount of nutmeg and mix it with either clove oil or oregano oil. Apply the mixture on the affected tooth/teeth and allow it about 10 minutes before rinsing with warm water. This procedure is repeated at least three of four times a day for effective results.
10. Wheat Grass
Wheat grass contains some natural antibacterial properties that have the ability to fight both tooth decay and cavities as well as reduce pain. In addition, it has vitamin A and E, calcium, iron and magnesium that promotes strong and healthy teeth and gums. Take a half glass of wheatgrass juice daily on an empty stomach. Alternatively, you can mix the juice with water in the ratio of 1:6, swish the mixture in the mouth for a few minutes and then spat it out. The treatment is repeated twice or thrice a day. Chewing of wheatgrass is also effective when done slowly and thoroughly.
These home remedies can be effective to prevent and treat tooth decay and cavities if followed correctly. Other additional tips include regular use of antibacterial mouthwash. Vitamin D supplement can also be taken or daily eating of cheese to ease cavities problems. Food rich in calcium, magnesium, phosphorus as well as vitamins A, D, E and K is crucial to preventing decays and cavities.